A warmer climate has many different effects: this is what we call climate change. Long-term weather conditions worsen, leading to heavier rainfall, more droughts and heat waves, more violent storms, more forest fires due to hot, dry temperatures. Warmer weather also has negative effects on animal habitats. But how can this be stopped?
With goal 13, the 2030 Agenda tells us that it is urgent to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (gases that are in the atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide, and that with pollution increase the Earth’s warming), to find solutions to the problems caused by global warming (droughts, melting glaciers, floods), to inform people all over the world about climate change and the damage it causes in the environment, in the lives of animals and people.
All of us can and must play our part: the everyday actions that each of us can do are important, as is the need for countries to become more capable and ready to tackle environmental disasters, learning to adapt, but at the same time striving to slow down climate change.
The UN nations, through an agreement (the PARIS Agreement of 2015), are committed to ensuring that the temperature remains stable and does not rise by more than 1.5° C until 2030.